The Most Amazing Volcanoes on the Planet

The Most Amazing Volcanoes on the Planet

The Most Amazing Volcanoes on the Planet

We all love volcanoes, they are one of the worlds most remarkable spectacles but exceedingly dangerous if you get too close, here we take a look at the most amazing volcanoes on the planet

Mount Yasur

Dominating the silhouette of Tanna Island in the South Pacific is a mighty vulcan mountain of Yasur that, despite having spat fire into the heavens continuously for over 800 years, is surprisingly welcome to sightseers and visitors.

Daring travelers hoping to see a little action while in the Republic of Vanuatu would be hard pressed to find a more active locale than Yasur Mountain. The volcano is a continuous hotspot of magma activity, spitting molten rock into the air above its caldera continuously for centuries. Unlike many active volcanoes, the summit of Yasur is approachable on foot by anyone daring enough to try, becoming a major attraction on the tiny island.

While it is unlikely that an enigmatic miracle man is living in a state of flaming un-death deep inside the volcano, the fires of Yasur Mountain are nonetheless awe-inspiring.

Mount YasurManogamo[Flickr]

Mount Yasur
Manogamo[Flickr]

Cotopaxi

When it comes to memorable travel experiences in Latin America, climbing the nearly perfect conical shaped Cotopaxi Volcano really stands out. Around 60km from Quito, the volcano is centre-piece of Cotopaxi National Park, a paradise for adventure and nature lovers, and also the highest active volcano in the world.

It is a beautiful volcano and the sort you imagine when thinking volcanoes. But also a high one and a pretty tough one to climb! Although not technical, crampons and ice axes are required and from the refuge, which is used as a base camp, it takes around 6 hours of solid climbing to reach the summit at 5,987 metres.

Cotopaxi was also once worshipped by Ecuador’s ancient civilizations and the summit was considered to be where God resided. As the sun rose all around me, and having climbed for several hours with my path illuminated by a full moon, I felt the mountain gods had been truly kind and left me speechless.

CotopaxiMalcolm Surgenor[Flickr]

Cotopaxi
Malcolm Surgenor[Flickr]

Mount Bromo

Mount Bromo which stands tall at 2329 m is one of the most iconic mountain in Indonesia. It beckons majestically despite having the entire top blown off and with a crater inside that keeps spewing off white sulphurous smoke. Mount Bromo is still one of the most active volcanoes in the world and there are areas that are blocked off from tourists due to its imminent danger. It sits inside the massive Tengger caldera (volcanic crater with diameter approximately 10km), surrounded by the Laut Pasir (sea of sand) of fine volcanic sand. This breathtaking and ethereal landscape have been swooned by many travelers alike.

Mount Bromopaulshaffner[Flickr]

Mount Bromo
paulshaffner[Flickr]

Arenal Volcano

Costa Rica’s Arenal Volcano is one of the world’s most active volcanoes, making it a serious hazard to residents around it as well as drawing huge numbers of tourists every year.

The Arenal volcano in Costa Rica is located in the district of La Fortuna, San Carlos canton, the province of Alajuela. Has a height of 1,670 meters above sea level. The spectacular nature of the red-hot lava and constancy (from the year 1968) of the activity of the Arenal Volcano, have given him an important place at the global level in the community both as scientific tourism.

 

Arenal Volcanombonocore[Flickr]

Arenal Volcano
mbonocore[Flickr]

Osorno Volcano

Volcán Osorno is a 2,652 m (8,701 feet) tall conical stratovolcano lying in the Los Lagos Region of Chile. It stands on the southeastern shore of Lake Llanquihue, and also towers over Todos los Santos Lake. Osorno is known worldwide as a symbol of the local landscape, and is noted for its similar appearance to Mount Fuji. Osorno is one of the most active volcanoes of the southern Chilean Andes, with 11 historical eruptions recorded between 1575 and 1869. The lava flows generated during these eruptions reached both Llanquihue and Todos los Santos Lakes.

 

Osorno VolcanonachX[Flickr]

Osorno Volcano
nachX[Flickr]

Mount Vesuvius

Mount Vesuvius is located in Europe, along the coast of Italy; on Naples Bay. The name “Vesuvius” has been argued in Latin translation to mean “violent”. This Mountain stretches over the Eurasian and African Tectonic Plates. The height of the volcano is argued as well, due to the changes in height after erupting. It is still considered to be active to this day, but hasn’t erupted since the mid 1900’s. One of the oldest eruptions wiped out the entire city of Pompeii.

People were killed by various elements from the volcano eruption. There was ash, sulfur, heat flashes, and pumice. Many people died from heat or from the ash and pumice suffocating them to death. It was said that this lasted for a few days until the entire city was practically wiped out. The most significant discovery and outcome from this tragedy in my opinion is the exceptional preservation of the bodies that came from the ashes and pumice from the volcano. The people were discovered with their clothes still in tact, they could tell the weather based on the bodies clothing, which appeared to be warmer. The fruit in markets was still determinable.

Mount VesuviusUnhindered by Talent[Flickr]

Mount Vesuvius
Unhindered by Talent[Flickr]

Kilauea

Watch the landscape change before your very eyes at Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. Located 30 miles southwest of Hilo, this is the home of Kilauea volcano, one of the most active volcanoes on earth. The chance to witness the primal process of creation and destruction make this park one of the most popular visitor attraction in Hawaii and a sacred place for Native Hawaiians.

Kilauea is sometimes called “the world’s only drive-in volcano.” This prolific volcano currently produces 250,000-650,000 cubic yards of lava per day, enough to resurface a 20-mile-long, two-lane road daily. As of January 1994, 491 acres of new land have been created on Hawaii Island. The current eruption may last another 100 years or stop tomorrow. Pele, the volcano goddess who lives here, is very unpredictable. But the chance to watch Kilauea’s blistering lava flows meet the sea (click here for Kalapana viewing update) is just one of the reasons to visit. Here are other essential Park attractions:

 

KilaueaBirchster[Flickr]

Kilauea
Birchster[Flickr]

Mount Fuji Japan

Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan and the subject of hundreds of pilgrimages and artistic tributes, has not erupted since 1707 but it is still very much considered active volcano, researchers in France remind us in a frightening new study.

A study carried out by French researchers at the Institute of Earth Sciences and the Paris Institute of Earth Physics in collaboration with Japanese scientists, used the Tohoku-oki earthquake of 2011 to investigate how earthquakes can predict volcanic eruptions around the world.

The researchers focused the study on signals known as seismic noise, which previous researchers have “dismissed as background interference.

Mount Fujiweegolo[Flickr]

Mount Fuji
weegolo[Flickr]

Mayon Volcano

Is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the “perfect cone” because of its almost symmetric conical shape, the mountain was declared a national park and a protected landscape on July 20, 1938, the first in the country. It was reclassified a Natural Park and renamed Mayon Volcano Natural Park in the year 2000. Local folklore refers to the volcano being named after the legendary heroine Daragang Magayon/ Beautiful Lady.

Mayon VolcanoStorm Crypt[Flickr]

Mayon Volcano
Storm Crypt[Flickr]

Mount Kilimanjaro

At 5,895 m, Kilimanjaro is the highest point in Africa. This volcanic massif stands in splendid isolation above the surrounding plains, with its snowy peak looming over the savannah. The mountain is encircled by mountain forest. Numerous mammals, many of them endangered species, live in the park.

Mount KilimanjaroZimmelino[Flickr]

Mount Kilimanjaro
Zimmelino[Flickr]

Chris is an avid travel writer and produces some of the feature articles here at Traveltamed.com

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