Well everyone who’s heard of Russia has definitely heard about the Kremlin – the seat of raw power. One of the must do while on a journey across Russia is to Visit the Kremlin.It is a fortified complex at the heart of Moscow, overlooking the Moskva River to the south, Saint Basil’s Cathedral and Red Square to the east, and the Alexander Garden to the west.
Among the Russian citadels the Kremlin is quite the famous one. The Kremlin includes five palaces, four cathedrals, and the enclosing Kremlin Wall with Kremlin towers. The complex serves as the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation.
Travel with us to unravel the mysteries hidden inside
Cathedral of the Annunciation
The Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the Annunciation of the Theotokos. An unique display of Russian icons including masterpieces by Andrei Rublev – the most famous icon painter of all time. Behind the altar (where once the sacristy was located) a large silver reliquary containing the remains are of about 50 saints from different places in the Middle East was discovered in 1894.
The Cathedral of the Archangel
The Cathedral is a Russian Orthodox church dedicated to the Archangel Michael. It contains the tombs of many of Russia’s greatest rulers The Cathedral of the Archangel contains the tombs (46 altogether) of all the rulers of Muscovy and Russia from the 14th Century until Peter the Great moved the capital to St Petersburg. The interior of the cathedral is dark and atmospheric, decorated with an abundance of rich, earthy colours. One of greatest treasures of the cathedral is the burial vault of Ivan the Terrible.
The Cathedral of the Assumption
Also known as Cathedral of the Dormition, it was unveiled in 1479, and is the site on which all Russia’s tsars were crowned. The oldest and most important church in the Kremlin, this Cathedral acted as the headquarters of the Russian Orthodox Church from 1326.
Lying at the foot of Ivan Bell tower is the infamous Tsar Bell. Over 6 m in height and in diameter, it is the largest bell in the world, weighing over 200,000 kg. After one piece splintering off during casting, the bell was never used but, given its size, instead the interior was used as a chapel; the gap left by the broken shard being used as a door. Upon hearing news of the fracture, its original craftsman apparently died of grief. Nevertheless, the bell is still an impressive sight
The Armoury Chamber
The name ‘Kremlin’ officially means fortress and this historic building once housed the deadliest weapons of Russia’s Empire. Now it is the site of one of Moscow‘s oldest museums and contains a collection of tsarist weaponry, jewellery, and the royal family’s most absurdly flamboyant household items. Treasures in this collection range from ten priceless Fabergé eggs, artistic masterpieces from the 5th to the 20th centuries, tsarist coronation robes, Ivan the Terrible’s ivory throne, and exquisitely bejewelled royal carriages. The collection of items here is beyond belief and quite overwhelming.
Almazny Fond is a separate exposition within the Armory .The Diamond Fund is the former tsarist collection of rare jewels and invaluable gemstones, originally formed from Peter the Great’s private hoard. The collection includes a 33 kg nugget of gold, and one of the world’s largest diamond: 342.5 carats and 68.5 grams, Imperial crowns of Russia, the world’s largest sapphire, multiple Fabergé eggs, the famous Orlov diamond and other world-renowned items of jewellery. It ranked amongst the greatest gem collections in the world.
Tip: Keep in mind that photography is not allowed inside the Armoury chamber and the Diamond Fund.
Kremlin Wall is the defensive iconic red wall which surrounds the Moscow Kremlin. The towering red brick walls and its towers catch your eye as you walk from Kremlin to Red square.
The Iconic Red square and Saint Basil Cathedral are right next to the Kremlin walls. An absolute must visit on your journey to Russia.